Monday, September 28, 2009


Studio description
Lúcio Santos is an Architect working in New York City. His design focuses on modularity and generative systems as a method of creating complex geometries from standard materials and fabrication methods. His research is process driven and focuses on simplicity while developing clear formal gestures.
Lúcio Santos graduated from the Architectural Association Design Research Lab [DRL] post-graduate program in 2005 receiving a Master of Architecture and Urbanism, and the New Jersey School of Architecture [NJIT] in 2003 where he received a Bachelor of Architecture degree.
His work experience spans both the US and Europe where he has worked on projects ranging from high-end residential additions and housing complexes to pedestrian bridges, hotels, football stadiums and cultural pavilions. His interest in design as a process of formal experimentation has developed a varied body of work which is constantly evolving.
Lúcio Santos has worked for Zaha Hadid Architects on the Zaragoza Bridge Pavilion for the 2008 World Expo from schematic design to the production of construction drawings. He was in charge of rationalizing the 3d geometry and overall design development of the bridge, where he worked closely with Arup London and Spanish steel fabricators, developing the primary structure and substructure to produce a repetitive system of panelization for the curved façade. Lúcio worked for the office of Farjadi Architects in London & SOM in New York as a Senior Designer where he was the lead designer on several projects in the US and Middle East.

Project 1: XO.S TOWER
Credits: Design/ fabrication /Implementation

The XO.S PAVILION is a formal exercise emulating biomorphic exoskeletal systems, intended to be used as a temporary place of gathering. It funnels pedestrians from one end to the other, compressing at the center and then widening at both ends dividing space into two zones.
The pavilion is fabricated from stainless steel folded strips, laser-cut from flat sheets and welded together. The exterior is painted with a high-gloss black car paint finish while the interior and inner faces are painted white.

Design/ fabrication /Implementation

FACETED FIBROUS STRUCTURES is a research endeavor focusing on producing complex double-curved structural geometries using standard planar materials assembled together in linear strips. When a material is folded its bending strength is increased parallel to the fold. Using ancient paper folding techniques (origami) as inspiration, the concept of folding flat metal sheets allows one to triangulate geometries and generate long volumetric folded strips that can then be assembled together to create structural ribs. The apertures and depth of the faceted system can be sized according to solar gain requirements as well as structural performance criteria and/or weight reduction necessity. Using standard CAD/CAM technologies, the folded strips can be easily manufactured from planar sheets using CNC, laser, or water-jet cutters.Design of the FACETED FIBROUS STRUCTURES was developed in Rhino using Rhino Scripting. The structure is generated using a base surface onto which 3 layers of points are plotted. The top layer represents the exterior, the middle layer the center, and the bottom layer the interior. Surfaces are then created from the points using an elongated hexagonal pattern.

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